Keloids are raised overgrowths of scar tissue that can develop at the site of a skin injury, such as a surgical incision, acne scars, piercing, burn, or even a minor abrasion or cut. Keloids are more common in people with darker skin tones and are often seen in areas prone to tension or movement, such as the earlobes, shoulders, chest, and back. Factors such as genetics and skin type may contribute to an individual's likelihood of developing keloids.

Keloids can vary in size, shape, and color, and they may cause symptoms such as:

  1. Raised Appearance: Keloids typically have a raised, firm, and rubbery appearance. They extend beyond the boundaries of the original wound or injury.
  2. Red or Dark Pigmentation: Keloids often have a red or dark color, and the pigmentation may differ from the surrounding skin.
  3. Itching: Some individuals with keloids may experience itching or irritation at the site of the keloid.
  4. Pain or Tenderness: Keloids are not usually painful, but in some cases, they may be sensitive or tender to the touch.
  5. Changes in Texture: Keloids may have a smooth or shiny surface and may feel different from the surrounding skin.

It's important to note that not everyone with a keloid will experience all of these symptoms. Additionally, keloids can develop weeks to months after the initial injury and may continue to grow over time.

Treatment options for keloids include:

  1. Steroid Injections: Corticosteroid injections can help reduce inflammation and flatten keloids.
  2. Surgical Removal: Surgical excision of keloids may be considered, but there is a risk of recurrence, and additional treatments are often needed to prevent regrowth.
  3. Laser Therapy: Laser treatments can help reduce redness and flatten keloids.
  4. Pressure Dressings or Silicone Gel Pads: These may be used to apply constant pressure to the keloid and reduce its size.
  5. Cryotherapy: Freezing the keloid with liquid nitrogen can help reduce its size.
  6. Radiation Therapy: In some cases, radiation therapy may be used to prevent keloid recurrence after surgical removal.

While keloids are generally harmless and not associated with cancer, they can be a cosmetic concern for some individuals. If you notice the development of a keloid or experience symptoms such as persistent itching or tenderness, it's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional who can evaluate the keloid, provide a proper diagnosis, and discuss potential treatment options.

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